Tag Archives: types of hypertension

What Is Hypertension?

Hypertension is another word for high blood pressure. According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, hypertension is “abnormally high blood pressure and especially arterial blood What Is Hypertensionpressure.”

High blood pressure occurs when the arteriole arteries narrow, making it difficult for blood to pass through them. This forces the heart to pump harder to get the blood through. As the pressure increases above normal and is sustained, the result is high blood pressure.

High blood pressure is a common problem. It is the most common chronic illness in the United States. Almost twenty five percent of Americans have it, and a significant number of them do not realize they have it. That is because high blood pressure causes few, if any symptoms, until it has reached an advanced stage. This makes it important to have your blood pressure checked regularly.

What Is Hypertension?

High blood pressure is a very dangerous disease to have and leave untreated. High blood pressure significantly increases a person’s risk for stroke, heart failure, heart attack, kidney disease, vision impairment, dementia, and premature death. Left untreated, high blood pressure can shorten a person’s life by up to twenty years. Despite these alarming facts, a little over fifteen percent of the people in the United States who have high blood pressure and know they have it do nothing to control it.

There is no cure for high blood pressure but it is very treatable and is also preventable. Lifestyle changes, along with medication if needed, can keep blood pressure at a safe level.

There have been substantial advances in knowledge about and treatment of high blood pressure in the past several decades. Increased awareness and medical advancements in regards to high blood pressure have helped decrease the number of deaths from strokes by seventy percent and the number of deaths from heart disease by more than fifty percent according to data from the Mayo Clinic.

The risk of developing high blood pressure increases as a person ages. Race is also a determining risk factor. Black Americans have the highest risk of developing high blood pressure—about thirty-three percent of black Americans have it. Approximately twenty-three percent of white Americans have high blood pressure, making them the next highest risk group. Twenty-one percent of American Indians have high blood pressure. Eighteen percent of the American Hispanic population has high blood pressure and sixteen percent of Americans of either Asian or Pacific Islander descent have high blood pressure according to information from the Mayo Clinic.

Family history is a risk factor as well. If high blood pressure runs in a person’s family they have a higher risk of developing it. Gender is another factor. Up to age fifty-five, men are more likely to develop high blood pressure. After the age of fifty-five, women have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure.

Other factors that increase a person’s chance of developing high blood pressure include: being overweight, having a sedentary lifestyle, smoking or chewing tobacco, excessive alcohol consumption, and low potassium levels.

Some illnesses raise a person’s risk of developing high blood pressure. If a person has heart disease, diabetes, high cholesterol or sleep apnea they have a greater risk of developing high blood pressure.

There are two different forms of high blood pressure, essential high blood pressure and secondary high blood pressure. Essential high blood pressure is the most common form of high blood pressure. It is also known as primary high blood pressure. It does not have any obvious causes.

Secondary high blood pressure is when the cause of the high blood pressure can be attributed to another disease. Only five to ten percent of high blood pressure cases are secondary. Some of the diseases and disorders that cause secondary high blood pressure are kidney disease, renal artery obstruction, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, hormonal abnormalities, and preeclampsia.

It is common for people with untreated high blood pressure to have plaque accumulate in the major arteries of the heart. The plaque deposits reduce blood flow to the heart and can eventually cause a heart attack. High blood pressure narrows the arteries and blood vessels in the body. Getting oxygen rich blood to the heart becomes more difficult as the arteries get narrower. If the heart cannot get enough oxygen, it will cause a heart attack.

PS: Click here to learn more about the natural supplement I have been using to successfully lower my high blood pressure.

What Do Those Blood Pressure Numbers Mean?

The body is an amazing and complicated system. Every time a person’s heart beats, blood is released from the heart and spread throughout the body via the blood vessels (arteries, blood pressure numberscapillaries and veins are types of blood vessels). Oxygen is retrieved from the lungs and deposited throughout the body via the blood vessels. Carbon dioxide is carried to the heart via the blood vessels and is sent to the lungs so the carbon dioxide can be released and a new supply of oxygen can be picked up.

Nutrients are also carried throughout the body via the blood vessels. Waste products travel through the blood vessels and, as they travel through the kidneys and liver, the waste products are left behind. The average person has 11 pints of blood traveling through the vessels in their body. To keep the blood moving and all the necessary processes working correctly, some pressure is needed.

What Do Those Blood Pressure Numbers Mean?

Blood pressure measures the amount of pressure in the arteries. A device called a sphygmomanometer (the inflatable arm cuff with the attached air pump and pressure gauge that we are probably familiar with) is used to measure the pressure.

There are two different numbers that make up a person’s blood pressure. The systolic pressure is the top or left-hand side number. The diastolic pressure is the lower or right-hand number.

Systolic pressure is the amount of pressure exerted when the heart contracts. Diastolic pressure is the amount of pressure that remains in the arteries between heartbeats, when the heart is resting. If someone has a blood pressure of 112/70 (spoken as “112 over 70”). it means that person has a systolic pressure of 112 and a diastolic pressure of 70. Both the systolic and diastolic numbers are important and need to maintained at healthy levels.

What is a healthy and normal blood pressure? Experts say 119/79 is the healthiest blood pressure for an adult and is what every adult should strive for. Blood pressure between 120/80 and 129/84 is normal. High-normal blood pressure is between 130/85 and 139/89. When blood pressure reaches 140/90 and higher it is considered high blood pressure. The higher a person’s blood pressure gets after it is greater than 140/90, the greater the risk for serious damage to the body’s organs (http://www.gothypertension.com/hypertension).

A person’s blood pressure changes throughout the day depending on what a person is doing physically, feeling mentally (strong emotions can increase blood pressure), food that has been eaten, and depending what time of the day it is. It is natural for a person’s blood pressure to fluctuate somewhat.

To get a good blood pressure reading it is better to have it taken after getting up from sleeping and moving around for a few hours, rather than right away in the morning. Try not to have it taken right after vigorous physical activity because blood pressure stays lower than normal for a while. Also, try to not to drink anything with caffeine or alcohol in it, or smoke for at least thirty minutes before having a reading taken. The tobacco and caffeine could temporarily raise blood pressure, resulting in an inaccurate reading. And depending on the person, alcohol can artificially raise or artificially lower blood pressure for a short time.

If a blood pressure reading is high, the person will likely be asked to come back in a day or two to have another reading done so an average blood pressure can be established. One high blood pressure reading doesn’t necessarily mean a person has high blood pressure but it shouldn’t be ignored either. In addition to the factors mentioned above that can temporarily and artificially raise blood pressure, other things–such as the stress of being in a medical setting–can also temporarily raise it.

I hope this gives you an insight into what those blood pressure numbers mean.

Are there supplements that can help with blood pressure? Check these out: http://bit.ly/1tibznU